Researcher and professor Carol Dweck uses the term “mindset” to describe the way people think about ability and talent.
Dweck delineates between two different mindsets that exist on a continuum. The first is a fixed mindset, which suggests that your abilities are innate and unchangeable.
The second is a growth mindset, which views it as something you can improve through practice. In a fixed mindset, you view failure as permanent but with a growth mindset, you see failure as a chance to learn and pivot. In this short video, John Spencer provides a great overview.